But, let us see, what made us say that he derived the
spoken words from the printed by means of the rule of the alph-
abet? Isn't all we know that we told him that this letter was
pronounced this way, that letter that way, etc., and that he
afterwards read out words in the Cyrillic script? What sug-
gests itself to us as an answer is that he must have shown
somehow that he did actually make the transition from the printed
to the spoken words by means of the rule of the alphabet which
we had given him. And what we mean by his showing this will
certainly get clearer if we alter our example and
70)   assume that he reads off a text by transcribing it, say,
from block letters into cursive script. For in this case we
can assume the rule of the alphabet to have been given in the
form of a table which shows the block alphabet and the cursive
alphabet in parallel columns. Then the deriving the copy from
the text we should imagine this way: The person who copies looks

74.
up the table for each letter at frequent intervals, or he says
to himself such things as, “Now what's a small a like?”, or he
tries to visualize the table, refraining from actually looking
at it. —